Lessons 4&5: The hierarchy of settlements and services…

Lessons 4&5: The hierarchy of settlements and services…

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L.O: To be able to explain the reasons for the hierarchy of settlements and services

 

Settlement hierarchy
(source: https://www.thinglink.com/scene/884426268353757184)
Key skill development:
Identification
Geographical Reasoning
Photograph Analysis
Key terms:
Settlement Hierarchy
High-, middle- and low-order settlements and services.
Sphere of influence
threshold population
Starter – Task 1: Look at photograph 1 below and try to answer the below inquiry questions…
What services can you see?
Who do you think lives or works there?
How many people can you see?
Why do you think so many people are there?
Where could this be?
Photograph 1: A city centre

Glasgow Scotland Busy City Centre in the Rain Stock Photo

(source: https://www.alamy.com/glasgow-scotland-busy-city-centre)
So what is the settlement hierarchy???
settlement hierarchy is a way of arranging settlements into a hierarchy based upon their population size and number of services available…

Picture

(source: https://crystalsamuel.weebly.com/settlement.html)

 

Development – Task 2: Complete the following activities to become more familiar with the settlement hierarchy so that you can explain the reasons for the hierarchy of settlements and services…

 

Define the following key terms (use your ipads):

Settlement Hierarchy
High-, middle- and low-order settlements and services
Conurbation
Sphere of influence
threshold population

 

Make a sketch diagram of the settlement hierarchy above in your notes…On your diagrams can you annotate:

  1. The population size usually founded in that settlement
  2. The types of services you would expect to see and whether they are High, middle or low order services
  3. An example location of this settlement type

 

Next, look at the photographs below and answer the questions with each one:

 

Photograph 2:

1)  Identify the type of settlement in the photograph (1mark)

2) Explain why you chose this settlement (5marks)

 

Photograph 3:

1)  Identify the  type of settlement in the photograph (1mark)

2) Explain why you chose this settlement (5marks)

 

Photograph 4:

antalya turkey turkish city cities sprawl sprawling urban landscape high rise building conurbation conurbations Stock Photo

1)  Identify the type of settlement in the photograph (1mark)

2) Explain why you chose this settlement (5marks)

 

Photograph 5:

Illustrative image of a small city / village

1)  Identify the type of settlement in the photograph (1mark)

2) Explain why you chose this settlement (5marks)

 

Photograph 6:

 

 

Braga, Land of Tradition and Innovation - imagem #2

1)  Identify the type of settlement in the photograph (1mark)

2) Explain why you chose this settlement (5marks)

Photograph 7:

Rural House iStock

1)  Identify the type of settlement in the photograph (1mark)

2) Explain why you chose this settlement (5marks)

 

 

Plenary – Task 3: Practice exam question…

 

 

Q. Using examples, explain the settlement hierarchy (5marks)

 

Picture

 

Homework Task:  

Look at the below diagram.

 

Picture

Sphere of influence of a settlement (source: https://www.thegeographeronline.net/settlements.html)

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