Lessons 1&2: Population change and demographic transition over time…

Lessons 1&2: Population change and demographic transition over time…

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The Geo-Inquiry Process: Ask (develop question), Collect (acquire information), Visualize (analyze information), Create (develop stories), Act (share stories)

Syllabus block: 

L.O: To  develop the ability to understand demography and how it has changed over time.

To inquire about two contrasting countries in terms of their demography changes

 

Key skill development:

Identification (AO1)

Classification of Causes (AO1)

Geographical Explanation and Evaluation (AO3)

Research Inquiry

 

Key terms:

Demography

Natural Increase

Fertility Rate

Life Expectancy

Population Structure

Dependency Ratios

Rapid Growth

Causes – SEEP

 

Starter – Task 1: Population Infographic work…

Observe the below information on the world’s population and answer the following questions about this infographic:

  1. Identify the continents that will increase in population by 2050 (1mark)
  2. Identify the continents that will decrease in population by 2050 (1mark)
  3. State one probable cause for the increase in one of the continents (1mark)
  4. State one probable cause for the decrease in one of the continents (1mark)

(source: https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/industries/financial-services/projectblue/demographic-change.html)

 

SO WHY IS THERE DIFFERENT RATES OF POPULATION CHANGE OVER TIME IN DIFFERENT PLACES AROUND THE WORLD???

Lets INQUIRE about this key geographical question…

 

Development – Research & Collect, Task 2: Use the resources below and complete the task sheet link to help you achieve this lessons objective at understanding the different reasons for different rates of population change over time in different locations around the world…

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1tUZ0sKnJusimkVQjMCA6LPWRFgll22bSIkBu4k3Bckg/edit

 

Natural Increase…

 

Definition –  https://www.insee.fr/en/metadonnees/definition/c1110

 

Visual…

World map showing rate of natural increase by country, 2018

(The rate of natural increase around the world, 2018: https://populationeducation.org/what-is-rate-of-natural-increase-rni/)

 

Multimedia…

(source: youtube)

 

Articles…

 https://www.bbc.com/news/world-53424726

 https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/datablog/2016/jun/28/over-populated-or-under-developed-real-story-population-growth

 

Fertility Rate…

 

Definition –  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Total_fertility_rate

 

Visual…

Total Fertility Rate…

Total Fertility Rate by Country

(source: http://chartsbin.com/view/33935)

 

 

Multimedia…

 

(source: youtube)

 

Articles…

 

  https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/aug/03/womans-choice-fertility-rates

 https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2020/jul/06/more-women-like-me-are-choosing-to-be-childfree-is-this-the-age-of-opting-out

 

Life Expectancy…

 

Definition –  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life_expectancy

 

Visual…                                                              (click into image to get full version)

(Life expectancy at birth, measured by region, between 1950 and 2050 – source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life_expectancy)

Multimedia…

(source: www.youtube.com)

Articles…

 https://www.theguardian.com/news/2020/feb/24/the-100-year-life-how-to-prolong-a-healthy-mind

 https://www.bbc.com/news/health-49844804

Population structure and dependency ratios…

Definition Population structure –  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Population_structure

Definition Dependency ratio –   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dependency_ratio

 

Visual…

Ficheiro:World population pyramid (2018).jpg

(source: https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ficheiro:World_population_pyramid_(2018).jpg)

 

 

Infographic map – The projected old-age dependency ratio for each country in the European Union will pose a problem long after the debt crisis resolves. What Is Europe, Aging Population, Human Geography, Old Age, Big Challenge, Space Travel, Cartography, Data Visualization
(source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/461830136765159713/)
(source: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/08/youngest-populations-africa/)

Multimedia…

(source: www.youtube.com)

Articles…

wp-svg-icons icon=”link” wrap=”i”] https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/08/youngest-populations-africa/

wp-svg-icons icon=”link” wrap=”i”] https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jan/15/dementia-towns-japan-ageing-population

Plenary – Task 3: Answer the following three exam style questions from the IB…
1) Define life expectancy (2marks)
2) Explain the impacts that an ageing population can have on a population structure (6marks)

 

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