Lessons 3&4: Contrasting countries in terms of population change…Italy (HIC) & Nigeria (LIC)

Lessons 3&4: Contrasting countries in terms of population change…Italy (HIC) & Nigeria (LIC)

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Japan’s population is oldest in the world.

(source:https://www.dandc.eu/en/article/both-ageing-societies-declining-populations-and-growing-youthful-ones-face-serious)

Syllabus block:

 

Key skill development:

Identification (AO1)

Description (AO2)

Inquiry, Geographical Reasoning and Analysis (A03)

 

Key terms:

Population structure

Population Pyramid

Old Age population

Youthful population

Dependency ratio

Economic Active Workforce

Demographic Dividend

Causes (STEEP)

Consequences (STEEP)

L.O: To inquire about two contrasting countries in terms of population structure and change…Italy & Nigeria

The Geo-Inquiry Process: Ask (develop question), Collect (acquire information), Visualize (analyze information), Create (develop stories), Act (share stories)

 

Starter – Task 1:

Describe the key differences between the population pyramids of Italy and Botswana…

(think about sounding like a geographer, focusing on the key words from the below list in your response)

  • The youthful population at the base/narrow (convex)?/expansive (concave)? What’s it like?
  • The old age population at the top/narrow (convex)?/expansive (concave)? What’s it like?
  • The economic active workforce (The demographic dividend) in the middle/narrow (convex)?/expansive (concave)? What’s it like?

 

.

 

(source of both population pyramids: www.google.com)

 

Development –  Task 2:

The Geo-Inquiry process into Italy and its population structure…

 

G128 – Italy (Italian) Flag | 3x5 feet | Printed – Vibrant Colors, Brass Grommets, Quality Polyester

Map 1: Location of Italy in Europe on an international scale

(source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/print_it.html)

Map 2: National scaled map of Italy

(source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/print_it.html)

 

ASK…

What questions could we ask about this typical scenario in Italy? How can we understand more about the Population Structure?

 

Growing old in Italy: Italians live longer but suffer more

(source: https://www.thelocal.it/20170926/life-expectancy-is-rising-in-italy-but-the-elderly-struggle-with-health-problems)

 

 Collect…use the resources below to inquire about Italy’s population structure and the reasons why it is an ageing population. Use the task sheet link below to structure your inquiry

 

Inquiry into Italy and Nigeria population structures…

 

Italy’s Natural Increase…

Multimedia…

(source: www.youtube.com)

 

Italy’s Fertility Rate

 

Articles…

 

 https://www.ft.com/content/a9d1fe0c-2306-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96

 

https://www.thelocal.it/20200714/italys-birth-rate-drops-again-except-in-one-province

 

Italy’s Life Expectancy

Mapping…

 

Regional mortality differences in life expectancy at birth for Italian men, measured for " Regioni " classified in units of the standard deviation (σ = 0.64)  

Italy’s Population structure/Dependency Ratio

 

Graphing…

 

Population pyramid 3: Italy in 1950 (source: https://www.populationpyramid.net/italy/1950/)

 

Key Question: Describe and explain the causes of Italy’s population structure (6marks)

 

The Geo-Inquiry process into Nigeria and its population structure…

 

 

Map 4: Location of Nigeria on an international scale (source: www.google.com)

ASK…

What questions could we ask about this typical scenario in Nigeria? How can we understand more about the Population Structure?

 Collect…use the resources below to inquire about Botswana’s population structure and the reasons why it is a youthful population with such a growing demographic dividend. Use the same task sheet you have been using for Italy…
Nigeria’s Natural Increase…
Multimedia…

 

Nigeria’s Fertility Rate…

Article…

 https://theconversation.com/niger-has-the-worlds-highest-birth-rate-and-that-may-be-a-recipe-for-unrest-108654

Chart…
Nigeria’s Life Expectancy
Graph…
Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.
Multimedia…

(source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSx9Pw4rf64)

 

Nigeria’s Population structure/Dependency Ratio

 

Graphing…

Population pyramid 5: Italy in 1950 (source: https://www.populationpyramid.net/nigeria/1950/)

Population pyramid 6: Nigeria in 2020 (source: www.google.com)

 

Webpage…BBC

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/resources/idt-sh/lagos

 

Key Question: Describe and explain the causes of Nigeria’s population structure (6marks)

Bring it al together in an exam setting CREATING a response to your homework question…

Homework Task: Attempt this 10mark question taken from Section C on paper 2 of your IB assessment…(use the link below to help your structure your response and access the markbands on the page too from the syllabus)
Q. Using examples you have studied, explain the consequences of an ageing and youthful population structure (10marks)

 

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