Lessons 7&8: Forced Migration…

Lessons 7&8: Forced Migration…


The Geo-Inquiry Process: Ask (develop question), Collect (acquire information), Visualize (analyze information), Create (develop stories), Act (share stories)

Syllabus block:

L.O: To know The causes and consequences of forced migration and internal displacement through the inquiry of two case studies…

Key skill development:

Identification (AO1)

Description (AO2)

Geographical Reasoning and Analysis (A03)

Inquiry (A04)


Key terms:


Push/Pull Factors

Forced Migration

Internal displacement


Climate refugee

Starter – Task 1:

Photograph 1: In Kiribati, an island republic in the Central Pacific, large parts of the village Eita (below) have succumbed to flooding from the sea.

Key Questions: What might be the causes and consequences of such intense flooding? How might you respond to this situation if this was your home?

(source of photograph: https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2018/06/20/621782275/the-refugees-that-the-world-barely-pays-attention-to?t=1602581181147)


DevelopmentTask 2: Inquiry into to two case studies of Forced Migration …

Complete the task sheet link below using the following resources on the two case studies – 1) The Jewish people migrating from Germany and 2) The Kiribati people emigrating from their island homes in the Central Pacific...

Forced Migration Inquiry task sheet


Recap on the theory…

(source: https://rashidfaridi.com/2018/04/05/migration-theories-lees-push-pull-theory/)

Forced Migration can be defined as…

A person subject to a migratory movement in which an element of coercion exists, including threats to life and livelihood, whether arising from natural or man-made causes (e.g. movements of refugees internationally and internally displaced persons as well as people displaced by natural or environmental disasters, chemical or nuclear disasters, famine or development projects). (source: https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/networks/european_migration_network/glossary_search/forced-migrant_en).


Internal displacement can then be defined as…

Th forced movement of people within the country they live in, not internationally (source: https://www.internal-displacement.org/internal-displacement)


Case study one…Politically forced

The Jewish people forced out of Germany

Background information…

Between 1933 and 1937, a total of about 130,000 Jews left the national socialist Germany. Many left for South Africa, Palestine and Latin America. Many also went to Eastern Europe, particularly families who had moved to Germany from there previously. However, thousands remained in Northern and Western Europe. In a letter to an acquaintance in Buenos Aires (Argentina), Edith Frank complained at the end of 1937: “I think that all the German Jews are searching the world today and there is no room for them anymore.” (source: https://www.annefrank.org/en/anne-frank/go-in-depth/impossibilities-escaping-1933-1942/)


What caused the forced Migration? What were the consequences for the Jewish people?

(source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sRcNq4OYTyE) – (warning some scenes may be distressing)


Visual – where they migrated to…

No description available.

Map 1: The Jewish forced migration between the years 1933 – 1939: sources https://www.annefrank.org/en/anne-frank/go-in-depth/impossibilities-escaping-1933-1942/)


Articles…Jewish communities still feeling the consequences…






Case study two…Environmentally forced

Background information…

In 2004, the people of Kiribati acknowledged, in the Otin Taai Declaration,[2] that human-induced climate change will have an extensive range of negative impacts on peoples of the Pacific Islands, including:

loss of coastal land and infrastructure due to erosion, inundation and storm surges

increase in frequency and severity of cyclones with risks to human life, health, homes and communities

loss of coral reefs with implications for the sea eco-systems on which the livelihood of many Islanders depends

changes in rainfall patterns with increased droughts in some areas and more rainfall with flooding in other areas

threats to drinking water supplies due to changes in rainfall, sea-level rise and inundation

loss of sugarcane, yams, taro and cassava due to extreme temperatures and rainfall changes

human health impacts with an increase in the incidence of dengue fever and diarrhoea.


What is causing the forced Migration (also use information above for your task sheet)? What are the consequences for the Kiribati people?


Visual – where they are migrating to…

To view large size version of map please visit the source: https://psmag.com/news/disaster-and-migration-in-the-south-pacific-a-failure-of-international-law)


Articles…Further information of the consequences on Kiribati communities…



Plenary and homework – Task 3: Create a plan for an essay response to the following question…


Q. Using examples, explain the causes and consequences of forced migration (10marks)…

Your plan should focus on using the following points from the below link…


10mark Extended Answer Questions – Support From Geoschooley…



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