Category: 4. Future resilience and adaptation

Geophysical Hazard Adaptation…

Geophysical Hazard Adaptation…

Syllabus Point: Geophysical hazard adaptation through increased government planning (land use zoning) and personal resilience (increased preparedness, use of insurance and adoption of new technology)

Starter: Watch the below and make a list of how an idividual can help increased their preparedness…

So What is Preparedness…?

It is a set of measures taken at the individual, organisational and societal level to minimise the effects of a Hazard Event. Preparedness measures can range from securing heavy objects, structural modifications and storing supplies, to having insurance, an emergency kit, and evacuation plans. (source: wikipedia)

Main Development: 

Task 1: Government Planning – Landuse Zoning:

What is it?

Landuse Zoninbg is an important aspcet of geophysical hazard adapatation. Different land uses may be prevented from locations in a zone that is known to be at risk of a hazard. For example, densley populated buildings, hospitals, and fire services shouyld not be built close to the fault line or in areas at risk of landslides. Residents can be evacuated and an exclusion zone be formed, this happened in Montserrat in 1996. Building codes can be enforced to ensure that buildings are of an adequate standard…

Case Study example of Landuse Zoning…Christchurch, New Zealand

 

Image result for christchurch new zealand map

 

Use the following resources to answer the following investigative questions:

  1. What is the name of the Land use Zoning plan?
  2. How will it be implemented?
  3. What could be the impacts of the plan? (think pros and cons)

 

https://www.noted.co.nz/currently/social-issues/christchurchs-game-of-zones/

 

Task 2: : Personal resilience (increased preparedness, use of insurance and adoption of new technology)

We already know what preparedness is…

Insurance cover…

One method of preparedness is to take out insurance cover to against hazard events. However, some geophsyical hazard events are considered “acts of god” and so insurance cover is not availabe…

Research an insurance cover policy on the internet and find out the following information:

  1. What does the average policy cover?
  2. How much is the cost per year?
  3. What will the polciy not cover?
  4. What are the pros and cons of the polciy

You can use the below websites to carryout your research…

https://www.iii.org/article/earthquake-insurance-for-homeowners

https://www.earthquakeauthority.com/California-Earthquake-Insurance-Policies/Earthquake-Insurance-Premium-Calculator

 

New Technology

Make notes on the following new technologies that can help preparedness from pgs. 202 – 206 from your course text book…

Image result for ib geography course companion economics

 

Slope Stabalization Methods…

  1. What do they help with (Earthquakes, Volcanoes or Landslides)
  2. Identify several methods
  3. Describe them in more detail
  4. Explain why they are useful in helping with preparedness
  5. Analyse the pros and cons to the methods

 

Building Design…

  1. What do they help with (Earthquakes, Volcanoes or Landslides)
  2. Identify several methods
  3. Describe them in more detail
  4. Explain why they are useful in helping with preparedness
  5. Analyse the pros and cons to the methods

 

Safe Houses…

  1. What do they help with (Earthquakes, Volcanoes or Landslides)
  2. Identify several methods
  3. Describe them in more detail
  4. Explain why they are useful in helping with preparedness
  5. Analyse the pros and cons to the methods

 

Mobile Phone and Computer technology…

  1. What do they help with (Earthquakes, Volcanoes or Landslides)
  2. Identify several methods
  3. Describe them in more detail
  4. Explain why they are useful in helping with preparedness
  5. Analyse the pros and cons to the methods

 

And finally comment on the Controlling of Earthquakes and Volcanoes (Pg.205 and 206)

  • What technology is used to control the hazard events?
  • Why are they effective methods?