Category: 1.5 Settlements (rural and urban) and service provision

Lessons 4&5: The hierarchy of settlements and services…

Lessons 4&5: The hierarchy of settlements and services…

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L.O: To be able to explain the reasons for the hierarchy of settlements and services

 

Settlement hierarchy
(source: https://www.thinglink.com/scene/884426268353757184)
Key skill development:
Identification
Geographical Reasoning
Photograph Analysis
Key terms:
Settlement Hierarchy
High-, middle- and low-order settlements and services.
Sphere of influence
threshold population
Starter – Task 1: Look at photograph 1 below and try to answer the below inquiry questions…
What services can you see?
Who do you think lives or works there?
How many people can you see?
Why do you think so many people are there?
Where could this be?
Photograph 1: A city centre

Glasgow Scotland Busy City Centre in the Rain Stock Photo

(source: https://www.alamy.com/glasgow-scotland-busy-city-centre)
So what is the settlement hierarchy???
settlement hierarchy is a way of arranging settlements into a hierarchy based upon their population size and number of services available…

Picture

(source: https://crystalsamuel.weebly.com/settlement.html)

 

Development – Task 2: Complete the following activities to become more familiar with the settlement hierarchy so that you can explain the reasons for the hierarchy of settlements and services…

 

Define the following key terms (use your ipads):

Settlement Hierarchy
High-, middle- and low-order settlements and services
Conurbation
Sphere of influence
threshold population

 

Make a sketch diagram of the settlement hierarchy above in your notes…On your diagrams can you annotate:

  1. The population size usually founded in that settlement
  2. The types of services you would expect to see and whether they are High, middle or low order services
  3. An example location of this settlement type

 

Next, look at the photographs below and answer the questions with each one:

 

Photograph 2:

1)  Identify the type of settlement in the photograph (1mark)

2) Explain why you chose this settlement (5marks)

 

Photograph 3:

1)  Identify the  type of settlement in the photograph (1mark)

2) Explain why you chose this settlement (5marks)

 

Photograph 4:

antalya turkey turkish city cities sprawl sprawling urban landscape high rise building conurbation conurbations Stock Photo

1)  Identify the type of settlement in the photograph (1mark)

2) Explain why you chose this settlement (5marks)

 

Photograph 5:

Illustrative image of a small city / village

1)  Identify the type of settlement in the photograph (1mark)

2) Explain why you chose this settlement (5marks)

 

Photograph 6:

 

 

Braga, Land of Tradition and Innovation - imagem #2

1)  Identify the type of settlement in the photograph (1mark)

2) Explain why you chose this settlement (5marks)

Photograph 7:

Rural House iStock

1)  Identify the type of settlement in the photograph (1mark)

2) Explain why you chose this settlement (5marks)

 

 

Plenary – Task 3: Practice exam question…

 

 

Q. Using examples, explain the settlement hierarchy (5marks)

 

Picture

 

Homework Task:  

Look at the below diagram.

 

Picture

Sphere of influence of a settlement (source: https://www.thegeographeronline.net/settlements.html)
Lessons 2&3: Factors influencing the sites, growth and functions of settlements…

Lessons 2&3: Factors influencing the sites, growth and functions of settlements…

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Germany, Bavaria, Wolfratshausen, Aerial view of countryside town Stock Photo

Germany, Bavaria, Wolfratshausen, Aerial view of countryside town
(source: Google Earth)

 

L.O: Describe and explain the factors which may influence the sites, growth and functions of settlements

 

Key Skill Development:

Identification & Description

Geographical Explanation

 

Key Terms:

Site

Situation

Settlement

Growth

Function

Factors (Physical/Human) – relief, soil, water supply and other factors including accessibility, resources

 

 

(source: https://www.nationalgeographic.org/media/settling-mars/?utm_source=BibblioRCM_Row#mars-novo-mundo)

 

  Task 2 – definitions : Using your ipads research and define today’s key terms…(Resource 1 in todays lesson below can help too).

 

Task 2 – Research & Collect: Use the video clip below and fill in the below table link to explore different factors that affect settlement location (no need to explain anything, just identify and classify as many factors as you can…)

Identification table of physical and human factors affecting settlement location

 

Resource 1: Youtube clip on Why are towns and cities found in certain places?

(source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=msQb9b064hg)

 

(source: https://slideplayer.com/slide/6148949/)

Key Questions…taken from previous IGCSE papers…

Define what the physical aspect is (2marks) (you may need your ipad for this to just quickly research)

Define what a bridging point is (2marks)

Define what a nodal point is (2marks)

Describe what a wet point site is. (3marks)

Describe what a dry point site is. (3marks)

Describe what a defensive site is. (3marks)

 

Development – Task 3: Access the link below to the task sheet and complete the table by looking at each photograph and using your knowledge from the previous tasks…

Photograph and explanation exercise of factors affecting site, location and function of a settlement tasksheet

Plenary: 

Explain the differences between site , situation and settlement on the IGCE curriculum.

 

Israeli settlement of Givat Zeev, near the Palestinian city of Ramallah in the occupied West Bank, on 19 November 2019 [AHMAD GHARABLI/AFP/Getty Images]

Israeli settlement of Givat Zeev, near the Palestinian city of Ramallah in the occupied West Bank, on 19 November 2019 [AHMAD GHARABLI/AFP/Getty Images]

 

The UAE normalise ties with Israel - Cartoon [Sabaaneh/MiddleEastMonitor]

The UAE normalise ties with Israel – Cartoon [Sabaaneh/MiddleEastMonitor]

Categories

IsraelMiddle EastNewsPalestine

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Lesson 1: The Patterns of Settlement…

Lesson 1: The Patterns of Settlement…

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1 Nucleated Village (Modified from Google Earth Pro). 
(source: Google Earth)

 

L.O: To be able to explain the patterns of settlement

 

Key Skill Development:

Identification

Geographical Explanation

 

Key Terms:

Linear

Nucleated

Dispersed

Isoloated

Starter – Task 1: Look at the photograph below and in pairs, try to identify physical reasons that could attract the formation of a settlement in this area…

 

Key Question…Why do you think this settlement has formed like this?

 

(source: google search engine)

 

 

Development – Task 2: Identifying and Explaining the different settlement types…

 

Early settlers forming villages in the rural areas would often live together for safety, for friendship, and to share services. These early settlements would take on distinctive patterns based on the shape of the land around them. Here we can see some examples of different settlement patterns. (source: http://onezerosixgeographers.blogspot.com/)

 

Look at the below photographs and answer the questions underneath each one…(source of all photographs google search engine)

 

Photographs of settlement types for your notes

Photograph 1:

Linear settlement Dakota39s blog 8a

  1) Identify the settlement type (1mark)

2) Describe its main features (3marks)

2) Explain why this settlement took this formation (annotate your photo with key features) (5marks)

 

Photograph 2.

  1) Identify the settlement type (1mark)

2) Describe its main features (3marks)

2) Explain why this settlement took this formation(annotate your photo with key features) (5marks)

 

Photograph 3:

Looking down on rooftops of nucleated village Garganta la Olla, La Vera, Extremadura, Spain Stock Photo

  1) Identify the settlement type (1mark)

2) Describe its main features (3marks)

2) Explain why this settlement took this formation(annotate your photo with key features) (5marks)

 

Photograph 4:

Picture

  1) Identify the settlement type (1mark)

2) Describe its main features (3marks)

2) Explain why this settlement took this formation(annotate your photo with key features) (5marks)

 

 

Plenary – Task 3: Geography Poetry…

 

                        As a final task today, try to create an 8 line descriptive poem of a settlement type of your choice. Try to use words that connect to that settlement and most all be CREATIVE, use ADJECTIVES and put your HEART into it…