Category: Form 5: How to write like a Geographer!

How to write like a Geographer…Geoschooley showing you how!

How to write like a Geographer…Geoschooley showing you how!

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L.O: To know how to write like a Geographer...

 

In our Geography learning, in order for us to help develop our knowledge and skills, and in turn to show our understanding, we are expected to be able to deliver responses that are not just geographically correct but are also well structured and provide good reasoning…


Therefore, it is important we know how to do this for all types of questions, whether it be for written or verbal tasks, focusing on maps, graphs, diagrams, models, theory’s or any kind of Geography situation that needs describingexplaining or solving. The following tasks aim to help develop the upper primary school geographer with their writing skills in Geography when presented with these different scenarios in their Geography learning…

 

Task oneDescribe a pattern on a map and graph…

The map…

 

Map 1: The distribution of forest and woodland around the world (source: https://technologystudent.com/joints/forests1.html)

Your task here is to:

Q. Describe the pattern of woodland around the world (3marks)

In this kind of question (a describe question) we need to normally give 3 points of description – so for this we use the technique of OSO…

All we have to do with regards to the distribution of woodland around the world is describe something:

  1. OBVIOUS about its distribution
  2. SPECIFIC about its location
  3. ODD about its location

 

Here is an example for you to see…

From observing the map and identifying the woodland, it is obvious that the majority of woodland is found in the Southern Hemisphere of the world. To be more specific, we can see that woodland is distributed in Australia, Africa and South America. Oddly, there is no woodland in the Indonesian islands, where you might expect to find some”.

 

 

 

 

The graph…

 

Graph 1: Human population growth between 1050 – 2017 (source: https://www.worldpopulationbalance.org/global_population)

Your task here is to:

Q. Describe the pattern of human population growth on the graph (3marks)

Again, in this kind of question (another describe question) we need to normally give 3 points of description – so for this again we use the technique of OSO…

***A BIG DIFFERENCE HERE THOUGH IS WE MUST USE FIGURES IN OUR DESCRIPTION FROM THE GRAPH THAT HAS BEEN PLOTTED***

All we have to do with regards to describing human population growth on the graph is describe something:

  1. OBVIOUS about its growth using figures
  2. SPECIFIC about its growth using figures
  3. ODD about its growth using figures

 

Here is an example for you to see…

From observing the graph, it is obvious that the human population growth has been very fast (rapid) between 1950 onwards as we can see that there was a very sharp increase from around 2billion people to around 7.5billion. To be more specific,  from 1850 to 1950, the human population growth can be seen to be increasing from around 1billion people to around 2billion people in the space of 100 years. Oddly, in the space of 750 years from 1050 – 1800 there is hardly any great increase to the human population growth, with it never passing more than 1billion people during this time period.

 

The diagram/model/theory…

 

This is my attempt for a simple diagrammatic explanation of climate change. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap heat from the sun in our atmosphere. We need this: if it didn't happen it would be too cold to live on earth. However, because we're pumping so much greenhouse gas into the atmosphere - mainly CO2 from burning fossil fuels - it's warming up more than it would normally.

Diagram 1: A simplified version of the global warming process (source: https://simpleclimate.wordpress.com/2010/12/22/a-picture-of-climate-change-is-worth-1000-words/)

Your task here is to:

Q. Explain the process taking place in the diagram (5marks)

In this kind of question (an explain question) we need to normally identify 5 key points and explain them in geographical detail,- so for this we use the technique of PEEL..

 

Picture

***IN USING PEEL I LIKE TO CHANGE THE EVIDENCE AND EXPLANATION AROUND, PLACING EXPLANATION SECOND IN THE TECHNIQUE AND EVIDENCE THIRD, THIS I BELIEVE MAKES MORE SENSE, BUT ITS ENTIRELY UP TO YOU HOW YOU APPLY PEEL***

 

All we have to do with regards to the EXPLAINING the diagram is:

  1. Identify your key POINTs
  2. EXPLAIN those points in detail
  3. Back them up with EVIDENCE from the diagram or with an EXAMPLE you know
  4. Make sure our sentences LINK
  5. Its a good tip to use some of the words from the digram too to help your explanation

 

Here is an example for you to see…

In the diagram, sun heat energy travels to the earth’s surface as incoming energy, where some of it is absorbed and some is reflected back towards space as outgoing energy. Amongst the outgoing energy that is reflected back, some escapes into space but some is also trapped in the earth’s atmosphere by the greenhouse gases. The more greenhouse gases there are in the atmosphere, the more heat energy that is trapped in the earth’s atmosphere, causing temperatures to increase, causing global warming. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere can increase by there being an increase in cars, coal factories and the increase of size of cities, for example, cities like London sprawling out into the suburbs.

 

 

Paragraphs in Geography…

 

 

***WE CAN USE PEEL ALSO TO STRUCTURE OUR PARAGRAPHS IN GEOGRAPHY. THIS IS A PERFECT FRAMEWORK FOR YOUNG GEOGRAPHERS TO USE TO HELP MAKE SURE THEY HAVE GOOD STRUCTURE TO THERE PARAGRAPH RESPONSES***

 

Picture

 

 

 

Point – This is where you identify or define your initial geographical point that you are trying to make. For example, Tourism causes pollution in an area through increased litter levels that is created on the floor…

Explain – Next, you have to give reasoning to your initial point in order to show understanding of the point you are trying to make – litter levels increase when tourists visit an area because the majority of the time tourists do not necessarily care about their litter being disposed of properly because it’s not the area they live in, thus, just throw it on the ground. Tourists also when on holiday ted to eat a lot more convenience foods, therefore increasing the amount of rubbish that can be littered on the ground…

Evidence – In support, you should try and give a real life example or case study that supports your point and makes it come alive, for example – litter levels have increased by 35% in Porto, Northern Portugal since the tourism revolution 0f 2014…

Link – Finally, if writing a short essay or multiple paragraphs, try and make the final sentence of your PEEL response link to the next sentence of the new paragraph so that your response is coherent and flows well, for example, litter can lead to many environmental problems, including negatively impacting upon wildlife and habitat ecosystems. Ecosystems can be affected by litter in through impacting upon the living space of animals…

 

Task – Have ago at a photograph expanation:

Have a go at looking and explaining the Geographical photograph below of a typical scene outside a Macdonalds in Los Angeles with a PEEL explanation, picking out one Geographical point, explaining it in more detail and providing evidence to backup your explanation (you dont have to link in this exercise)

Image result for mcdonalds litter

Photograph 1: A typical scene outside a Macdonalds in Los Angeles (source: google search engine)